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Crane Safety Inspections

OSHA Crane Maintenance Standards

There’s no argument that preventive maintenance—conducted in accordance with the manufacturer’s recommendations—is essential to promoting overhead crane safety. This section of the standard furthers the case for preventive maintenance by outlining safe, proper preventive maintenance procedures that minimize interference with operation of cranes that are still in use.

This section also defines what must be done before equipment is returned to service, following inspections and maintenance. The service technicians of Konecranes, the world’s leading crane service provider, are well-versed and experienced in these procedures for all makes of overhead cranes.

OSHA 1910.179 Overhead & Gantry Cranes Regulations
(the following excerpt taken directly from OSHA 1910.179)

Preventive maintenance. A preventive maintenance program based on the crane manufacturer's recommendations shall be established.

Maintenance procedure.

  1. Before adjustments and repairs are started on a crane the following precautions shall be taken:
  2. The crane to be repaired shall be run to a location where it will cause the least interference with other cranes and operations in the area.
  3. All controllers shall be at the off position.
  4. The main or emergency switch shall be open and locked in the open position.
  5. Warning or "out of order" signs shall be placed on the crane, also on the floor beneath or on the hook where visible from the floor.
  6. Where other cranes are in operation on the same runway, rail stops or other suitable means shall be provided to prevent interference with the idle crane.
  7. After adjustments and repairs have been made the crane shall not be operated until all guards have been reinstalled, safety devices reactivated and maintenance equipment removed.

Adjustments and repairs.

  1. Any unsafe conditions disclosed by the inspection requirements of paragraph (j) of this section shall be corrected before operation of the crane is resumed. Adjustments and repairs shall be done only by designated personnel.
  2. Adjustments shall be maintained to assure correct functioning of components. The following are examples:
    • All functional operating mechanisms.
    • Limit switches.
    • Control systems.
    • Brakes.
    • Power plants.

Repairs or replacements shall be provided promptly as needed for safe operation. The following are examples:

  1. Crane hooks showing defects described in paragraph (j)(2)(iii) of this section shall be discarded. Repairs by welding or reshaping are not generally recommended. If such repairs are attempted they shall only be done under competent supervision and the hook shall be tested to the load requirements of paragraph (k)(2) of this section before further use.
  2. Load attachment chains and rope slings showing defects described in paragraph (j)(2)(iv) and (v) of this section respectively.
  3. All critical parts which are cracked, broken, bent, or excessively worn.
  4. Pendant control stations shall be kept clean and function labels kept legible.

For preventive maintenance and other technical crane services, call on the global expertise and experience of Konecranes. Our MAINMAN® maintenance and software program offers an innovative solution for making preventive maintenance a consistent, routine part of lifting the safety and productivity of your operations.

 

*The foregoing OSHA regulations are not intended to be a comprehensive overview of all applicable regulations pertaining to the designated topic.  State laws may mandate different safety and maintenance standards.  Accordingly, please consult applicable state laws as well as original equipment manufacturer specifications for further guidance.  The statements and descriptions contained herein constitute the opinion/recommendation of the seller and are not intended to create any express warranties.